The City has appointed weed inspectors to make sure residents, local businesses and the Parks Section are working together to take action on weed control. Under provincial legislation, the Weed Control Act identifies weeds of concern as either Prohibited Noxious or Noxious, requiring eradication or control. Prohibited Noxious weeds must be destroyed, "killing all growing parts or rendering reproductive mechanisms non-viable." Noxious weeds are to be controlled, which the Act defines as "inhibiting the growth or spread of, or destroying." The Weed Control Act not only prevents the spread of weeds but also the associated economic and ecological losses.
Prohibited Noxious Weeds
Under the Weed Control Act, a person has the responsibility to destroy a prohibited noxious weed.
The following are classified as prohibited noxious weeds and have been found in the City of Red Deer:
Under the Weed Act, the Parks Section has the authority to conduct control programs for any noxious weed if the weed is causing a significant ecological or economic impact on lands within the City of Red Deer.
The following are classified as noxious weeds and have been found in the City of Red Deer:
For the complete list of Prohibited Noxious and Noxious weeds in Alberta, please visit the Alberta Invasive Plant Council (AISC) website.
Though many invasive plants may look beautiful and provide habitat for pollinators, it is important to use non-invasive plants in landscaping. For some recommended alternatives please see:
- Alberta Invasive Species Council - Grow Me Instead Brochure (pdf)
- Alberta Invasive Plants Council - Weed Wise Brochure (pdf)
The City of Red Deer is currently testing EDDMapSTM Alberta as a tool for reporting weeds. This app allows you to take a picture of the weed and attach coordinates so that weed inspectors and parks staff are up to speed on new weed locations.
For additional information on weeds in Alberta, please see the Alberta Invasive Plant Identification Guide, visit the Alberta Invasive Species Council website or contact the Parks Section at 403-342-8234 or email@example.com.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
The Parks Section uses Integrated Pest Management (IPM) techniques to control or eradicate invasive plants. Control has many forms: Chemical, Physical/Mechanical, Biological, and Cultural.
Although chemical control has traditionally been relied upon heavily, the City of Red Deer is committed to reducing chemical control out of consideration for the environment. The City has a Cosmetic Pesticide Use Policy that guides when and where we spray pesticides.
Weed whipping and mowing provide temporary control to areas that are ecologically sensitive or are part of large open areas traditionally managed as grassland or turf.
The City is also using goats and various insects as tools to manage weeds in our parks and green spaces.
Altering soil characteristics and increasing the success of surrounding vegetation can also prevent the vigour of invasive species.