Decks

If your deck is 24 inches or more above the ground, you will need to apply for a building permit. If your deck will be covered/enclosed, you will also need to apply for a development permit.

   

Development Permit
If your deck will be covered/enclosed, you will need a development permit.

Who can apply?

An owner, contractor or anyone authorized to do so on behalf of the owner of the property can apply. If you are not the owner of the property, you will need a Letter of Authorization (pdf).  

How do I apply?

Fill out and submit your Development Permit - Residential (pdf)  and the required documents (listed on page 2 of the development application) by visiting Inspections & Licensing on the third floor of City Hall (4914 - 48 Avenue) between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday.

Required Forms

Building Permits
If your deck is 24 inches or more above the ground or covered/enclosed, you will need a building permit.

Who can apply?

An owner, contractor or anyone authorized to do so on behalf of the owner of the property can apply. If you are not the owner of the property you will need to submit a Letter of Authorization (pdf)

How do I apply?

You can apply for your permit by filling out a paper application and submitting your application along with a Deck Application Requirement List (pdf)  in person by visiting Inspections & Licensing on the third floor of City Hall (4914 - 48 Avenue) between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday. You will then receive an email requesting you to log in to your MyCity account to pay for the application.

 

Required Forms

What else should I know?

  • Your deck must be built to the minimum side yard requirement of the property zoning. Example: an R1 zoning may be as close as 1.5 metres (5 feet) from the side property line or a R1N may be 1.25 metres (4 feet) from the side property line. You can find out your property’s zoning by using The City of Deer’s Interactive Map.
  • An uncovered or covered deck may be built a minimum of 4.5 metres (14 feet 9 inches) from the rear property line. Enclosed decks (i.e. sunroom or screened) must be a minimum of 7.5 metres from the rear property line.
  • For a covered or enclosed deck, you must provide foundation details and how the roof or cover will be attached to the house.
  • A deck on a semi-detached residence (duplex) may be built on the common side property line. A solid, fire rated privacy wall between 2 - 3 metres (6 feet 6 inches - 9 feet 9 inches) in height, extending the full depth of the deck is required.

What inspections will I need?

The inspections required are specific to each project. A list of required inspections will be printed on your building permit. Any deficiencies identified during the inspection will need to be corrected. Re-inspections or a verification of compliance (written completion notification) may be required. Re-inspection fees or other penalties may apply. 

How do I schedule an inspection?

Are you thinking about building a patio or deck to enjoy the summer sunshine and barbecue season? Find out what permits you may require and the regulations you'll need to follow, depending on how high you are building your deck.

9" or less in height (patio)

Regulations

  • Can be built up to both the side and rear property lines

Required Permits

  • No permits are required for patios. 

Covered Patios

Covered patios and decks are considered part of the footprint of your house. For most properties, the total site coverage of all buildings on the lot can range from 40-45 per cent. You can find the maximum site coverage for your zone in The City's Land Use Bylaw.

Depending on the type of cover you plan to build over your patio, the following permits will be needed:

  • Open aired roof, such as a pergola, will not require a Development Permit, but will require a Building Permit if it is attached to the house
  • Solid roof, will need both a Development Permit and a Building Permit

Any type of cover on a ground level patio may project one half of the minimum side yard requirement for the zone. Typically, it must be a minimum of 0.75m (2'5") from any property line.

Between 10" and 24" in height

Regulations

Sideyard Setbacks

  • Minimum distance from a side property line can range from 0.35m (1'2") to 0.6m (2') depending on the zoning of your property. Use the 'Land Use Bylaw Districts' theme on the Interactive City Map to find your zone. 
  • A deck on a duplex or townhouse can go up to the shared property line. 

Rearyard Setbacks

  • Minimum distance from a rear property line is 4.5m (14'7")

Required Permits

  • A Development Permit is only required if a variance to the bylaw is requested
    (example to be 4.0m from rear property line, rather than the required 4.5m)

Covered Decks

Covered decks are considered part of the footprint of your house. For most properties, the total site coverage of all buildings on the lot can range from 40-45 percent. You can find the maximum site coverage for your zone in The City's Land Use Bylaw.

Depending on the type of cover you plan to build over your deck, the following permits will be needed:

  • Open aired roof, such as a pergola, will need a Development Permit
  • Solid roof, will need both a Development Permit and a Building Permit

Any type of cover on a ground level patio may project one half of the minimum side yard requirement for the zone. Typically, it must be a minimum of 0.75m (2'5") from any property line.

24" or more in height

Regulations

Sideyard Setbacks

  • The minimum distance from a side property line can range from 1.25m (4') to 1.5m (5'), depending on the zoning of your property. Use the 'Land Use Bylaw Districts' theme on the Interactive City Map to find your zone. 
  • A deck on a duplex can be built to the shared property line

Rearyard Setbacks

  • The minimum distance from a rear property line is 4.5m (14'7")

Required Permits

  • A Building Permit
  • A Development Permit is only required if a variance to the bylaw is requested
    (example to be 4.0m from rear property line, rather than the required 4.5m)

Covered Decks

Covered decks are considered part of the footprint of your house. For most properties, the total site coverage of all buildings on the lot can range from 40-45 percent. You can find the maximum site coverage for your zone in The City's Land Use Bylaw.

Depending on the type of cover you plan to build over your deck, the following permits will be needed:

  • Open aired roof, such as a pergola, will need a Development Permit
  • Solid roof, will need both a Development Permit and a Building Permit

Any type of cover on a ground level patio may project one half of the minimum side yard requirement for the zone. Typically, it must be a minimum of 0.75m (2'5") from any property line.

Explanation of Permits

Learn about the different criteria that we review before issuing a Development Permit and a Building Permit.

Development Permit

A Development Permit is required to ensure that the structure you are proposing to build on your property complies with the Land Use Bylaw regulations, particularly regarding the placement. 

Can I build closer to the property line than what the bylaw allows?

You can request a variance to any of the Land Use Bylaw regulations. You will explain why you are asking for the variance, and what makes your site unique that a variance should be considered.

How long does it take to process?

Note: During building season (April 1 - October 31), processing times may take longer, due to the number of applications that are submitted during this time.

In most cases, it will take 5-7 business days for review. As a Development Permit is only required when a variance is requested, there is a 21-day appeal period before the permit can be issued, if approved.

What are the fees?

Please refer to 'Schedule A' of the Development Permit Fee Bylaw to find the fees associated with the Development Permit.

Building Permit

A Building Permit is required to review the safety components of building a deck, ensuring it is constructed in accordance with the National Building Code, Alberta edition, and is safe for you to use.

How long does it take to process?

Note: During building season (April 1 - October 31), processing times may take longer, due to the number of applications that are submitted during this time.

In most cases, it will take 7-10 business days to review and issue. The Building Permit cannot be issued until the Development Permit has been issued, if it applies.

What are the fees?

Please refer to 'Schedule A' of the Safety Codes Permit Bylaw to find the fees associated with a Building Permit for decks.

Permit Application Process

Check out what is included with each step of the process, from submitting your application(s) to beginning construction.

Step 1: Submit your application(s)

Who can apply?

A home owner or licensed contractor can submit a permit application for a deck or for a cover on a deck/patio. If you are not the owner of the property, you will need to include a Letter of Authorization (pdf) with the application package.

Contractors applying for permits require a valid City of Red Deer Business Licence. Please visit our Licensing page should you need a new or renewed licence prior to applying for your permit. 

How do I apply?

  1. Submit a fully completed permit application package, including all spaces filled out on the application form(s), and providing all items on the respective requirement lists. A complete application package allows us to start your file. 
  2. Once you have the complete permit application package(s), email it to inspections@reddeer.ca

Required Forms

Check out this Building Permit Application - Deck EXAMPLE (pdf)  to show what we're looking for.

Step 2: Processing Your Application(s)

Once we receive your complete permit application(s), the Development Officer and the Building Safety Codes Officer will conduct a review of the permits, ensuring the proposed deck complies with the Land Use Bylaw and the Safety Codes Act, respectively.

You will receive email notifications throughout the application process, including:

  • If we need more information;
  • When payment is required;
  • When the permit is issued.

Good to know info...

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Step 3: Site Inspections

What inspections will I need?

The required inspections will be determined when the Safety Codes Officer reviews your application, and will be listed on the Safety Codes Building Permit when it is approved and issued. Typically, only a final inspection is required on a deck.

When can I schedule an inspection?

Once your Safety Codes Building Permit has been approved and issued, you will receive an email with instructions of how to schedule an inspection.

How do I know the outcome of my inspection(s)?

You will receive an email notification informing you of the outcome of each inspection.

Questions?

Email: inspections@reddeer.ca
Phone: 403-342-8190